New England Journal of Medicine has new study on smoking deaths



Health Hazards of Smoking Marijuana from the
American Lung Association
American Lung Association's
Position on Marijuana Smoke:
Marijuana smoke contains a greater amount of carcinogens than tobacco smoke. In
addition, marijuana users usually inhale more
deeply and hold their breath longer than tobacco smokers do, further increasing the
lung's exposure to carcinogenic smoke. Marijuana use is not only associated with
adverse physical effects, but also mental, emotional and behavioral changes.

People who smoke marijuana frequently, but do not smoke tobacco, have more health
problems and miss more days of work than nonsmokers. Many of these extra sick
days are due to respiratory illnesses.

Patients considering using marijuana for medicinal purposes should make this
decision in consultation with their doctor, and consider means of administration other
than smoking (i.e., FDA recommended marinol (Dronabinol), which is synthetic THC).
"Interested in Marijuana?  - an American Lung
Association Pamphlet
from a NYC travel blog:

"...I read an article in the Times this week reporting that
several major NYC apartment buildings are about to ban
smoking… IN PEOPLE’S OWN UNITS.  Kind of shocking,
and also kind of cool.  
The evidence is clear that second-hand smoke causes
cancer.  And smoke definitely wafts through apartment
hallways.  I just love that smoking ban policies keep
getting stronger … saving lives in the process.
All of which reminds me of the bad old days when
passengers could smoke in airplanes.  How insane does
that seem today?!?  People lighting up cigarettes in a
pressurized aluminum container.  I can remember the
sinking feeling of realizing that the person sitting next to
me was about to light up.  THAT was a definition of living
A ban on
smoking in cars
children in
will come into
force before
next general
election, which
is due in 2015!
The American Heart
Association - "Learn
more about the American
Heart Association's efforts
to reduce death caused
by cardiovascular disease."
The American Lung
Association - Stop
Smoking - "The mission
of the American Lung
Association® is to
prevent lung disease
and promote lung
The American Cancer Society
- "The American Cancer
Society® is dedicated to
eliminating cancer as a major
health problem by preventing
cancer, saving lives, and
diminishing suffering through
research, education, advocacy,
and service."
Getting Help to
Quit Smoking
How to Quit

● "Nicotine is an addictive poison that diminishes and destroys  
hundreds of thousands of human lives in the United States every year.
These lives are ruined by first-hand ingestion of the tobacco leaf including
its natural 3% to 6% dose of nicotine. The amount of the poisonous
nicotine is known to be artificially increased by the tobacco companies to
keep people addicted during a time that the dangers of tobacco are being
revealed. Even worse, 2nd hand smoke is killing around 50,000 innocent
non-smokers annually.
● During the days of "abolition", the winning battle was focused against
alcohol, and for thirteen years beverages containing alcohol were
outlawed in all but a few exceptional cases.
● Big tobacco seems to have come up with an effective battle plan. By
creating one system after another that delivers nicotine effectively, they
have locked us in to a
perpetual war that can never be won because they
will never run out of ways to deliver their deadly products. Next year it will
be ear-plugs soaked in
nicotine or hat-bands.  We have given them
control of the battle by chasing after each product individually, just like they
● I seriously doubt that Big Tobacco could care less if e-cigarettes are
banned. It's a distraction.
● During prohibition, I doubt that those out to ban
alcohol fought 6-packs
of 12 ounce beer cans, and then whiskey, then tequila, wine-spritzers etc.
They went after
alcohol...  and won.
● I suggest that the anti-tobacco organizations in the U.S. join together
and fight the one and real enemy,
nicotine. We're not  groups of cats
chasing strings one direction while others go after  several balls of yarn in
the other.      "United we stand..."
A non-profit resource
center dedicated to
smokefree air and
tobacco-free lives
A non-profit resource center dedicated to smokefree air and tobacco-free lives. Click logo to access
Click here for FDA website
Contact the Arizona State
Senate Members
House Members
Click logo to go to Tobacco Free Arizona Blog
Photos from June 10, 2014
Anchor and Caduceus  
award event in Raleigh NC


Support our ongoing work!

Make a deductible donation!
ACAS is a 501(c)(3) Corp.
12/16/2014 6:00:00 AM
County bans e-cigarettes:
County buildings, vehicles
now smoke and vapor free
Joanna Dodder Nellans
The Daily Courier

Yavapai County supervisors agreed to a new
countywide policy Monday that bans e-cigarettes in
county buildings and vehicles.

They also agreed to a new Human Resources
Department proposal to require all employee
disciplinary action appeal hearings to be open to
the public.

A new state law requires such hearings to be public
if they relate to certain law enforcement positions, a
county Human Resources memo explains. So HR
proposing a single policy that would make all such
hearings open. Currently, county hearings to appeal
disciplinary actions are automatically closed to the
public unless employees ask for them to be public.
Only addicts pay to inhale
GET HELP l►here
ACAS stands for "Arizonans
Concerned About
acas / a.c.a.s.
An acronym for Arizonans
Concerned About Smoking
is A.C.A.S.
E-cigarettes are not allowed inside the stadium. Here is the written policy:

In accordance with the Smoke-Free Arizona Act, University of Phoenix Stadium
is a non-smoking facility. There are three designated smoking locations on the
main concourse located beyond the Gate 2 exterior gate and outside the exit
doors at Sections 102 and 137. Fans on the Club level, Loft corridor and terrace
level can proceed to the designated smoking locations on the north ramp.
Please remember to the keep the north ramp walk aisles clear for other fans
and smoke only in the designated areas. Fans outside the stadium are
reminded that they must be at least 20 feet away from any stadium entrance to
smoke. E-cigarettes are not permitted inside University of Phoenix Stadium.
Fans that do not comply with the smoking policy inside the stadium are subject
to ejection.
ACAS Policy Recommendation:
Wherever "No Smoking
areas apply, it includes
"No e-cigarette emissions
A must-read for landlords
and those living in
multi-unit housing -
FREE Download
Just released! Protect Your
Family from E-Cigarettes
available as a free download.
provides all the facts your
community needs to know
about e-cigarettes. English or
Spanish. Click graphic above!
The county didn't get any employee comments
about the HR policy changes relating to appeal
hearings and e-cigarettes, HR Director Wendy
Ross said.

The HR department will continue to work on
revisions to a third policy after hearing employee
comments, Ross said. A draft would ban the use of
electronic equipment while county employees are
driving, but it would allow them to use hands-free
cell phones.

Ross said she'll probably bring that draft policy to
the supervisors in January.
American Lung
Position on Marijuana
Download the AMERICAN
Marijuana Pamphlet,
"Interested in
Website Issues, contact                ●Organizational Issues, contact

●525 W Southern Ave., Suite #109    Mesa, AZ    85210      
●ph: 480.733.5864      ●fax: 480.733.1844
Smoking and Mortality — Beyond Established Causes
Brian D. Carter, M.P.H., Christian C. Abnet, Ph.D., Diane
Feskanich, Sc.D., Neal D. Freedman, Ph.D.,
Patricia Hartge, Sc.D., Cora E. Lewis, M.D., Judith K. Ockene,
Ph.D., Ross L. Prentice, Ph.D.,
Frank E. Speizer, M.D., Michael J. Thun, M.D., and Eric J.
Jacobs, Ph.D.
N Engl J Med 2015; 372:631-640February 12, 2015DOI:

Mortality among current smokers is 2 to 3 times as high as
that among persons who never smoked. Most of this excess
mortality is believed to be explained by 21 common diseases
that have been formally established as caused by
cigarette smoking and are included in
official estimates of smoking-attributable
mortality in the United States. However, if
smoking causes additional diseases,
these official estimates may significantly
underestimate the number of deaths
attributable to smoking.
We pooled data from five contemporary
U.S. cohort studies including 421,378 men
and 532,651 women 55 years of age or
older. Participants were followed from
2000 through 2011, and relative risks and
95% confidence intervals were estimated
with the use of Cox proportional-hazards
models adjusted for age, race,
educational level, daily alcohol
consumption, and cohort.
During the follow-up period, there were
181,377 deaths, including 16,475 among
current smokers. Overall, approximately
17% of the excess mortality among
current smokers was due to associations
with causes that are not currently
established as attributable to smoking.
These included associations between
current smoking and deaths from renal
failure (relative risk, 2.0; 95% confidence
interval [CI], 1.7 to 2.3), intestinal
ischemia (relative risk, 6.0; 95% CI, 4.5 to
8.1), hypertensive heart disease (relative
risk, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.9 to 3.0), infections
(relative risk, 2.3; 95% CI, 2.0 to
2.7), various respiratory diseases (relative
risk, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.6 to 2.4), breast cancer
(relative risk, 1.3; 95% CI, 1.2 to 1.5), and
prostate cancer (relative risk, 1.4; 95% CI,
1.2 to 1.7). Among former smokers, the
relative risk for each of these outcomes
declined as the number of years since
quitting increased.

A substantial portion of the excess mortality
among current smokers between 2000 and
2011 was due to associations with diseases
that have not been formally established as
caused by smoking. These associations
should be investigated further and, when
appropriate, taken into account when the
mortality burden of smoking is investigated.
(Funded by the American Cancer Society.)
Past Health Leadership Award Photos: 2011; 2012; 2013; 2014
Website Issues, contact                ●Organizational Issues, contact

●525 W Southern Ave., Suite #109    Mesa, AZ    85210      
●phone: 480.733.5864      
Smoking FAQs: Cancer, Heart Disease, Death &
Tips To Quitting
Anthony Martin
Written by Anthony Martin
Posted in End of Life Resources last updated on
August 11, 2019
(Thanks to Keira R.)